What is the Medical Expense Tax Deduction?
The IRS allows individuals to deduct qualified medical expenses that exceeded 7.5% of their adjusted gross income (AGI). For example, if you have an AGI of $150,000 and qualified medical expenses of $18,750, you can claim a medical expense deduction of $7,500 (7.5% of $150,000 is $11,250 and qualified medical expenses above $11,250 is $7,500).
What Care can be Claimed Under the Medical Expense Tax Deduction?
Qualifying medical expenses include preventative care, treatment, surgeries, dental care, vision care, psychologists, psychiatrists, prescription medications, and appliances such as glasses, contacts, false teeth, and hearing aids. You can also deduct expenses paid to travel for medical care such as mileage on your car and parking fees. Medical expenses for which you are reimbursed, cosmetic procedures, non-prescription drugs, and other purchases for general health are not deductible.
You must Itemize your Deductions to Claim the Medical Expense Tax Deduction
To claim the medical expenses deduction, you must itemize your deductions. Note that the standard deduction for a couple that is married filing jointly in 2023 is $27,700. This means that the sum of your itemized deductions must be larger than $27,700 to justify itemizing. Your medical expenses and other itemized deductions are listed on Schedule A of your tax return.
In addition to tracking your medical expenses and reporting them on Schedule A, you may consider using a Health Savings Account to help cover the out-of-pocket costs.
For more information: https://www.irs.gov/taxtopics/tc502
If you have questions about how this may apply to your situation, please call us at 775-850-5620.
Editors Note: This article was originally published on January 29, 2019. It has been updated to reflect 2023 deductions.